Code : 18810      Created Date : Saturday, August 4, 2018   Update Date : Monday, September 16, 2019    Visit : 3296

Specialty in Neurosurgery (Neurological Surgery)

Neurosurgery encompasses the diagnosis, assessment and surgical management of disorders of the nervous system. Although being practiced from 5000 years ago and in ancient Egypt and Persia, the specialty was established in nineteenth century and developed in the first half of the twentieth century through the treatment of cranial trauma and intracranial mass lesions. Subsequent advances in innovating angiography, CT scan, MRI, microsurgical techniques, non-invasive imaging, neuroanaesthesia, intensive care, image-guided surgery, and the introduction of sophisticated radio-oncological and interventional treatments have changed and widened the scope of neurosurgical practice. Ancient excavations reveal that simple neurosurgical surgical procedures were performed in ancient Iran (Persia) dating back to 5000 years ago. Centuries later, Avicenna described trigeminal neuralgia meticulously and in a detailed manner.




Neurosurgery (Neurological Surgery)


Neurological surgery is a branch of medical sciences in which students study all fields of central/peripheral nervous system disorders, autonomic nervous system, skull, spine, and other supporting structures and systems and are involved in diagnosis, surgical and nonsurgical management, care and rehabilitation of different types of related diseases.

Neurosurgery was established in Iran in 1951 and since then the curriculum has undergone many changes parallel to this specialty developments in the world.

It is necessary that the curriculum of various programs be reviewed every few years due to constant advances in science and technology, environmental changes, changing pattern of diseases, and increase in accidents in the world (many of which lead to brain and spinal cord injuries); and, considerable developments in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in various fields, including neurosurgery.

To review the neurosurgery program curriculum, multiple committees participated and the current curriculum is the result of their hard intellectual works.


Program Duration


The Neurosurgery (Neurological Surgery) program lasts at least 5 years.




The mission of this course is to train specialists who are informed of updated scientific information, competent, responsive, and sensitive to the health of individuals and society in the specialized field of vascular surgery and will provide the society with their expertise in terms of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, education, and research.
At the end of the program learners will be competent in the following Procedural Skills (Diagnostic Therapeutic Procedures) skills:

1. Diagnostic procedures

• The brain (biopsy of the brain, blood vessels, skull)

• Vertebral column and spinal cord (such as lumbar puncture, spinal biopsy)

• Peripheral nerves (such as nerve biopsy) 

2. Taking care of and following-up patients’ treatment in ICU

3. Surgical procedures of the brain, vertebral column and peripheral nerves

A. Emergency cases

• Reconstruction of different types of pressure on nerve tissue

• Reconstruction of skull and vertebral column fractures

• Evacuation of hematoma

• Brain decompression

• Traction of vertebral column

B. Selected cases:

• Reconstruction of congenital abnormalities

• Treatment of various types of lesions: 

o degenerative infectious

o tumoral

o functional

o vascular


Methods of Instruction


During this course, various methods and techniques will be used:

- Various intra- and intersectoral, hospital, interdisciplinary and inter-university conferences as well as seminars

- Discussion in small groups, workshops, journal clubs and reading groups as well as Case Presentation

- Participation in training lower ranks

- Clinical duties as a member of surgery team

- On call duties under supervision

- Bedside teaching in the Neurosurgery ward

- Observant/Assistant/Independent in Neurosurgery

- Post operation Care in recovery

- Self-Education, Self-Study

- Other training methods and techniques according to the requirements and objectives



Who Can Attend?


Individuals holding an M.D. or M.B.B.S. degree.


Admission Requirements


To apply for this program, you will need to fulfill a number of requirements, which can be found in the Graduate Admission Requirements.


Application Deadline


Tehran University of Medical Sciences has a rolling application system and reviews student applications all year round.

However, the deadline for the September intake is June 31, and the deadline for the February intake is October 31.


Education Fees and Yearly Expenses


For complete and comprehensive information about fees and expenses, please refer to the Education Fees and Yearly Expenses section.



Program Curriculum


For more information, please download the Program Curriculum of Specialty of Neurosurgery (Neurological Surgery).



Contact Information


To contact the Office of International Admissions, please use the following information:

Tel.: (+98 21) 8889 6692 & 94, Ext.: 318 or 319

Fax: (+98 21) 8889 6696


Address: No. 21, Dameshgh St., Vali-e Asr Ave., Tehran 1416753955, Iran


Alternatively, you can contact the Office of Vice-Dean for International Affairs at TUMS School of Medicine through the following:

Tel.: (+98 21) 8898 9487

Fax: (+98 21) 6405 3431



Address: TUMS School of Medicine, Pour Sina St., Enghelab St., Tehran 1417613151, Iran



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In case you are ready to apply, please refer to TUMS Online Application Form below.


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